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PART A.. Introduction
PART B. The Nature of Religion
PART C. Philosophy and Religion
PART D. Science and Religion
PART E. Arguments for God
PART F. Arguments Against God
PART A.. Introduction
PART B. The Nature of Religion
PART C. Philosophy and Religion
PART D. Science and Religion
PART E. Arguments for God
PART F. Arguments Against God
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Christianity in Ruins:  The Book
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    The Web site you are now viewing is a companion to my 935-page book Christianity in Ruins (CiR). It is intended to be the most complete refutation of the religion ever written; its scope is shown in the tables of contents below.
    The book is a spirited attack on Christianity, an implausible, immoral, fictional mythology that degrades society, opposes knowledge, and retards progress. With Christian sanctimony, self-righteousness, and continuing attempts to turn the U.S. into a theocracy, criticism of the National Superstition is more necessary than ever.bbb
     The present site contains only a fraction of the information in the book, but it adds extra material of interest, such as: reviews of other books, periodicals and Web sites; a more detailed account of Jehovah's crimes; and expansions into other areas that the book does not have room for. 
  Reading CiR or using it as a reference will enable readers to be confident in rejecting Judeo-Christianity, and will also prepare them for arguments and debates they may want to engage in. It also may even be of interest to open-minded believers or those who want to try refuting a thorough challenge to their faith. bbb
      As you can see from the tables of contents (TOC), the indexes, and the many cross-references in the text, the book is quite thoroughly organized. To avoid loading the book's beginning with 30 pages of tables, the TOC's are instead located at the start of each Part (e.g. PART D, page 73), and Chapter (e.g. D9, page 133). The six indexes allow the reader to quickly find topics of interest; see Part R below. The book contains 18 Parts, 115 Chapters, and about 830 Sections (subchapters).          
       A few representative pages of the book are displayed below the Complete TOC. Also, the back cover and numerous pages can be viewed at the Amazon site (click on Buy the Book) under Look Inside. Colors which may show there do not appear in the printed book. The main TOC as shown by Amazon is not attractive but looks much nicer in the actual book. 

Buy the Book

Top-Level Table of Contents
PART A. Introduction
PART B. The Nature of Religion
PART C. Philosophy and Religion
PART D. Science and Religion
PART E. Arguments for God
PART F. Arguments Against God


​​​PART G. The Old Testament
PART H. The New Testament
PART I. Christianity
PART J. Jesus
PART K. Morality
PART L. People in the Religion


PART M. Final Summaries​
PART N. Better Than Religion
PART O. Appendices
PART P. Reference Lists
PART Q. Endnotes
PART R. Indexes
Complete Table of Contents       
PART I. Christianity
      I1. Doctrines and Development
a. Its Early Spread
b. Describing Christianity
c. From Humans or God?
d. God’s Arbitrary Decisions
e. Constantine and Contingency
f.  Other Contingencies
g. Martyrs
h. Centuries of Doctrinal Conflict
i. Decline of the Absolute
j. Why Did Christianity Triumph?
k. Argument Embarrassment
l.  Christianity, For and Against
m. A Variety of Christianity
n. Caustic Quotes
o. Christian Doubts
p. Testing Christianity’s Truth

       I2. Disordered Theology
a. God is Good. Not.
b. Reason and Evidence
c. Doctrines Are Nonsense
d. Faith
e. Christianity Promotes Fear
f. Negative Christianity
g. Original Sin, Contradictions
h. Why Not Original Virtue?
i. Atonement and Justification

       I3. Incoherent Theology
a. Constructing God
b. Necessary Christian Beliefs
c. Probabilities     
d. Cannibalism: Actual?
e. God and Love
f.  Polytheism and Christianity
g. The Trinity
h. The Holy Spirit

       I4. Nonsensical Theology
a. Afterlife in the NT
b. Why Believe in the Afterlife?
c. About Heaven
d. Angels
e. Hell
f. Sadism and Schadenfreude
g. The Soul
h. Unquestioning Obedience
i. Who Owns You?
j. The Purpose of Worship
k. Worldliness
l.  Women in Christianity
m. Marriage and Divorce
n. Sexuality in Theory
o. Homosexuality
p. No Gluttony, Please
q. False Dichotomies

       I5. How to Be Saved
a. Remarks
b. Be A Jew--Or Not
c.  Believe in Jesus
d. Do Good Works
e. Obey Five Commandments
f.  Love and Forgive
g. Give Your Money to the Poor
h. Be Righteous and Repent
i. Be Baptized
j. Do God’s Will
k. Eat Jesus
l.  Call On God, Worship, Pray
m. Predestination, Depravity
n. God’s Grace May Save You
o. Everyone Will be Saved
p. No One Will be Saved
q. Questions About Salvation
r.  Incompatible Requirements
s. Jesus? Who’s That?
t.  Degrees of Disbelief
u. Conclusion

       I6. Prayer and Healing
a. Does Praying Make Sense?
b. Prayer in the Bible
c. Prayer: Promise vs. Reality
d. Praying for Health
e. Personal Testimonies
f. Intercessory Prayer
g. Sites of Healing Miracles
h. Professional Faith Healers
i. When Prayer Fails
j. Near-Death Experiences
k. Why Do We Die?

       I7. Branches, Sects, Hesesies
a. Consensus, Science and Religion
b. Doctrinal Differences
c. Christian Isms
d. Protestantism
e. Evangelicalism
f.  Pentacostalism
g. Christian Science
h. Liberal Christianity
i.  Mormonism
j. Catholicism
k. The Cathar Heresy

       I8. Christian Extremes
a. Christian Craziness
b. Fundamentalisms
c. Catholic Extremism
d. Christian Reconstructionism
e. Presuppositionalism
f.  Jehovah’s Witnesses
g. Unification Church
h. Westboro Baptist Church
i. Other Fanaticisms
j. Bizarre Practices
k. Other Christian Disorders

       I9. Christianity in Society
a. The U.S.: Not Based On Christianity
b. Christianity’s Cultural Effects
c. Signs of Increasing Influence
d. Signs of Decreasing Influence
e. Signs of Decline: Political
f.  Signs of Decline: Sex-Related
g. Signs of Decline in Practices
h. A Paradox
i. Conservative Christianity
j. False Claims of Persecution
k. Effects on Societies
l. Disadvantages of Dogmatism
m. Evangelicals’ Evil Effects
n. Extremist Plans for the U.S.

       I10.  More About the Faith
a. A Question for Believers
b. More Attempts to Explain
c. The Christian God’s Errors
d. Ets Considers the Religion
e. Irrational Christian Beliefs

       I11. Non-Christian Beliefs
a. Islam
b. Astrology
c. The New Age Movement

       I12. Summary of Part I

PART J. Jesus
       J1. The Jesus Myth

a. Remarks
b. Joseph, Moses, Jesus
c. Prophecies About Jesus
d. The Scandal of Particularity
e. Expanding the Mission
f.  Views of Historians
g. Other Opinions
h. Docetism and Marcionism

       J2. Jesus in the Bible
a. Early Conflicts
b. Is or Was Jesus God?
c. His Conflicting Ancestries
d. The Virgin Birth Prophecy
e. Born of a Virgin?
f.  Birthplace and Date Conflicts
g. Famous At Birth
h. His Lost Years
i.  His Attributes
j.  Jesus the Sinner
k. Sacrifice and Substitution
l.  Who is the Son of Man?
m. Moral Sermons
n. Did Jews Accept Jesus?

       J3. Evidence for the Human Jesus
a. What Do the Epistles Say?
b. Little Plausible Evidence
c. Lack of Contemporary Records
d. Lack of Early Written Records
e. Contrary Views
f.  No One Met Jesus         
g. Fame as an Adult
h. Josephus and Jesus
i. Other Ancient Accounts
j. The Shroud of Turin
k. Other Relics

       J4. Miracles and Prophecies
a. Remarks
b. Are Miracle Reports eliable?
c. Miracles with Food and Drink
d. Miracle Cures
e. The Transfiguration
f. Jesus’ Failed Prophecies
g. Jesus: No Useful Advice

       J5. His Strange Behavior
a. Remarks
b. Was He Autistic?
c. The Cult Leader
d. Atrocious Family Values
e. Violates The Sabbath
f. A Nasty Stunt
g. His Violence
h. A Temper Tantrum
i. Exorcist and Thief
j. Jesus, the Uncaring
k. Things He Could Have Done
l. Fails the Devil’s Tests    

       J6. His Odd Statements
a. Remarks
b. Jesus and Thought Crime
c. Claims to be Meek
d. Jesus, the Braggart
e. Jesus, the Self-Contradictory
f. Weird Suggestions - One
g. Weird Suggestions - Two
h. Peculiar Pronouncements
i. Rudeness, Insults, Threats
j. Erroneous Beliefs

       J7. Trial and Crucifixion
             a. Remarks
b.Did Jesus Commit Suicide?
c. Problems with the Trials
d. Crucifixion Discrepancies
e. The Cross? A Tree? Or What?
       J8. Events at Jesus’ Death
             a. Signs and Portents
             b. Hours of Darkness
             c. Earthquake and Torn Curtain
             d. Emptied Graves
             e. Summary of Discrepancie

         J9. The Empty Tomb
a. Was the Tomb Empty?
b. Where Was Everyone?
c. A Temporary Death
d. Other Possibilities     
​​     E2. The Ontological Argument
a. Existence and Greatness
b. Meaning of “Conceivable”
c. “Greatest” is not Definable
d. Christian God Is Not Great
     E3. Other Arguments
a. Remarks on Theodicies
b. 
Origin of Life Argument  
c. Flew’s Arguments
d. 
Objective Morals Argument
e. Argument from Scripture
f. Reason and Consciousness
g. Personal Experience
h. Survival of the Jews
i. More Arguments
     E4. Summary of Part E

PART F. Arguments Against God
       F1. First Considerations

a. Is Disproof Possible?
b. The Burden of Proof
c. The God Idea Is Vacuous
d. The Premise Adds Confusion
e. Mixing God and Science
f. The Problem of Evil
g. Contradictory Revelations
h. Pascal’s Wager
i. God’s Improbability
j. God’s Mysterious Ways
k. God Compared with No God
l. God and Superman
m. Polytheism Makes Sense

       F2. Fails Religious Expectations
a. Introduction      
b. Love, Justice, and Mercy
c. God’s Presence: Obvious?      
d. Christianity Makes No  Sense
e. Jesus’ Life Makes No Sense
f. We Would not Expect Evil
g. We Expect a Good Bible
h. Belief Is Not Rational
i. Believers

       F3. Fails Other Expectations
a. Remarks
b. Physical Science
c. Life Science
d. Philosophical Expectations
e. God Would Succeed

       F4. Is God Simple?
a. Philosophic Simplicity
b. Scientific Simplicity
c. Summary

       F5. God’s Properties: Secular
a. Introduction
b. Uncaused
c. Necessary
d. Perfect
e. Omnipresent (Immanent)
f. Transcendent.
g. Infinite
h. Timeless or Eternal?
i. Non-Material
j. Completely Free 
k. Is God a Person?
l. Omnipotence, Secular
m. Omnipotence, Religious
n. Omniscience, Secular
o. Omniscience, Religious
p. Sole and Unique 
q. Is God Immutable?
r. Has Inscrutable Motives
s. Loving, Just, Merciful?

       F6. God’s Properties: Summary
a. Independent Attributes
b. Incompatible Attributes
c. Probabilities

       F7. God’s Acts
            a. Remarks
            b. Created the Universe
            c. Sustains the Universe
            d. Inspired the Bible
            e. Performs Miracles
            f. Created Jesus
            g. Killed Jesus
            h. Resurrected Jesus
            i. Created Humanity
            j. Saves Humanity
            k. Reads Our Minds
            l. Never Answers Prayers           
            m. Spreads Confusion?
            n. Creates and Accepts Evil
            o. Sends People to Heaven, Hell
      F8. Divine Hiddenness

a. Hiddenness Theory
b. Freedom vs. Suffering
c. The Perfect Excuse
d. Faith and Hiddenness
e. The Burden of Uncertainty
f. Persuading Atheists
g. Does Jesus Reveal God?
h. Does God Really Hide?
i. The OT God Did Not Hide

       F9. More Reasons to Disbelieve
a. Religious Reasoning
b. Free Will Again
c. What Does God Want?
d. Argument: Religious Diversity
e. The Christian God: Impossible
f. Summary of Problems

       F10. Summary of Part F
PART G. The Old Testament
        G1. Introduction
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EWhat's the OT? Who Wrote it?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. What It Should Be
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Errors and Contradictions
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. The Garden and the Fall
        G2. OT Cosmology
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Creation Myths
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. Age of the Earth
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EOrder of Creation
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EShape of the Earth
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EMotion of the Earth and Sun
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef. Does the Bible Teach Facts?
        G3. The Flood and Noah’s Ark
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Gilgamesh and Noah’s Flood
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EWas It Possible?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EThe Ark’s Animals
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EThe Post-Flood Period
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3ECreationist Excuses
        G4. The Character of Jehovah
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Occasionally Benevolent
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EThe Warrior
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. The Narcissist
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. The Holy Psychopath
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. Summary of His Evil Acts
        G5. Old Testament Prophecies
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Comments on Prophecies
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EDay of the Lord Comes
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EThe Tyre Prophecy
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EThe Egypt Prophecy
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. The Nile Prophecy
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef.  The Damascus Prophecy
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eg. Other Prophecies
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eh. Prophecies About Jesus
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ei. Bible Codes
        G6. OT Errors
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. The Exodus
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EFactual Errors
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Moral Errors
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. More Discrepancies
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. Provincialism
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef.  OT Polytheism
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eg. Blood Atonement
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eh. Afterlife in the OT
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ei. Mythical Monsters
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ej. Disease
        G7. Other Issues
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3ERemarks
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. The 613 Commandments
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Cooking and Eating
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. OT Cannibalism
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. Slavery in the OT
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef.  Women in the OT
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eg. Animals in the OT
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eh. Impossibilities
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ei. A Surfeit of Trivia
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ej. Life Spans and Begats
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ek. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EMore Strange Stories
        G8. Summary of Part G

PART H. The New Testament
       H1. Infallible and Unique?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EViews of the Bible
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EIs the Bible Unique?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Is the Bible Fallible?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EThe Bible Is Not History
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. Formation of the Canon
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef.  NT Books: Order and Dates
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eg. The Apocrypha
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eh. Translating and Editing
       H2. Comparing Testaments
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Incompatible Gods
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. Plagiarism
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Contradictions, OT vs. NT
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. Confusion
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. Which Laws?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef.  Predictions or Postdictions?
       H3. Gospel Problems 
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. What was Their Purpose?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. When Were They Written?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Why Four Gospels?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. Who Wrote Them?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EFigurative, Literal, Or Other
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef. Errors and Contradictions
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eg. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3ENo Evidence Needed
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eh. Mark and His Gospel
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ei. Matthew and His Gospel
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ej. The Luke Gospel
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ek. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EJohn and His Gospel
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3El.  {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3ETerrible Advice
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Em. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3ERiches and Wealth
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3En. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3ETextual Variants
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eo. {cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bendif%5D%2D%2D%3EGospel Reliability
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ep. Feeble Excuses
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eq. Summary of Difficulties
       H4. More Bible Problems
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Criticizing the Bible       
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. Flawed Communication
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ec. Denying Bible Difficulties
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ed. Theology is Complex
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ee. Errors in Christian Theology
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ef.  Slavery is Condoned
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eg. Wisdom: Good or Bad?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eh. What Can Believers Do?
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ei. Is the Bible a Test?
       H5. Ezekiel, Daniel, Revelation
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Ea. Remarks
{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5Bif%20!supportLists%5D%2D%2D%3Eb. Bizarre Scenes and Prophecies
       H6. Summary of Part H


  PART A. Introduction oo
ooo
        A1. General Information
a.The Subject
b. My Position
c. The Book’s Audience
d. How the Book is Organized
e. Acknowledgements
oooA2. Preview

PART B. Nature of Religion
oooB1. Religions' Place
a. Describing Religion
b. Determining Religious Truth
c. Religion, Superstition, Cults

. oooB2. Religion’s Effects
a. What Are the Effects?
b. Personal Health Effects
c. Emotional Effects
d. Intellectual Benefits
e. Social Benefits
f. Political Benefits
g. Other Benefits
h. Christian Privilege
oooB3. Origin of Judeo-Christianity
a. Early Influences
b. Creation Myths
c. Flood Myths
d. Origin of The Garden Story
e. Egyptian Influences
f. Paganism, Mystery Religions
oooB4. Mythical Heroes
a. Jesus and Hercules
b. Deucalion
c. Zoroaster (Zarathustra)
d. Homer and Mark
e. Apollonius of Tyana
f. Mithra(s)
g. Jesus and Horus
h. Comparing Hero Myths
i. Conclusion
oooB5. Psychology and Religion
a. Religion and the Brain
b. Compartmentalization
c. Anthropomorphism, Secular
d. Anthropomorphic Gods
e. Anthropomorphism, Early
f. Anthropomorphism, Christian
g. Cognitive Dissonance
oooB6. Problems for Believers
a. Remarks
b. Other Religions Exist
c. Immunity to Argument
d. Religion as Addiction
e. Religion Opinion, Science Fact
f. Do Believers Know Their Beliefs?
oooB7. Summary of Part B

PART C. Philosophy and Religion
oooC1. Issues in Philosophy
a. Philosophy of Religion
b. Questions in Metaphysics
c. Philosophy of Science
d. Cause and Effect (CaE)
e. Deduction and Induction
f. Mind and Brain
g. Intuition
h. Possible vs. Plausible
i. Actual Infinity and Eternity
oooC2. Free Will and  Consciousness
a. Introduction
b. Remarks on Free Will
c. Collective Free Will
d. Limitations of Free Will
e. Personal Responsibility
f. Computers and Brains    
g. Consciousness Without God
h. Personal Identity
oooC3. Logic and God
a. Is God Constrained by Logic?
b. Information and Mathematics
c. Summary
oooC4. Universe: A SupernaturalOrigin?
a. Remarks
b. God, Eternity, and Infinity
c. God and the Universe
d. God and This Specific Universe  
e. Supernatural Creation?
oooC5. Universe: A Natural Origin?
a. A Natural Origin: Remarks
b. Natural Creation From  Nothing?
c. A Singularity at Creation?
d. The Kalam Argument
e. Kalam: Summary of Objections
oooC6. Summary of Part C

PART D. Science and Religion
oooD1. Introduction
a. The Relationship
b. Naturalism
c. Has Christianity Advanced Science?
d. The Current Status of Science
e. Anthropomorphism in Science
f. Scientists’ Views on Religion
oooD2. Conflicts with Religion
a. Science is Not a Religion
b. The Contrast
c. Science Replaces Religion
d. Robustness and Fragility
e. Religious Truth
f. Religious Blindness
oooD3. Specific Conflicts
a. What Caused Creation?
b. The Earth’s Geometry
c. Paleontology
d. Archeology and History
e. Witchcraft vs. Nature
f. Weather
g. Disease and Hygiene
h. Population
i. The Environment
oooD4. Earth and the Universe
a. What Needs to be Explained?
b. The Big Bang
c. Age of Earth and Humanity
d. Age of the Universe
e. Size of the Universe
f. The Galaxies
g. The Number of Stars
h. Stellar Distances
i. The Sun and Other Stars
j. Other Planets
k. Amazing Astronomy
l. Dark Matter and Dark Energy
m. Relativity, Quantum Theory
n. Observer-Dependent Reality
o. Is the Universe a Simulation?
p. Speculations
oooD5. The Fine-Tuning Argument
a. Remarks
b. Fine-Tuning Defeaters
c. How Probable Is This Universe?
d.
Physical Laws and Constants
e. Other Physical Objections
f. Is There A Multiverse?
g. Uniqueness Defeated
h. Summary: Fine-Tuning Fails
oooD6. Threats and Challenges
a. Human threats to Humanity
b. A Multitude of Species
c. Threats From the Earth
d. Threats From the Solar System
e. Threats From Beyond
f. Astronomical Contingencies
g. Past Contingencies
h. Fate of the Universe
i. Speculative Threats
j. Threats: Conclusion
k. Resources: Science, Religion
oooD7. Alien Civilizations and God
a. Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence
b. Reasoning About ETI
oooD8. Humans and Nonhumans
a. No Soul or Vital Force
b. Religion and the Brain
c. Animals, Plants: the Continuum
d. Humans and Animals: Emotions
e. Humans, Animals: Intelligence
f. Humans, Animals: Culture
g. The Qualitative Difference
oooD9. Evolution and. Christianity
a. Evolution: Remarks
b. What is the Theory of Evolution?
c. Is the Theory Evil?
d. Historical Science and Fossils
e. The Process of Evolution
f. Fossils and DNA
g. The Evidence Accumulates
h. The Origin of Life
i. Homology (Common Structures)
j. Vestiges and Atavisms
k. Biogeography
l. Hominid Evolution
m. Brain and Mind
n. Dates and Evolution
o. Only a Designer
oooD10. Creationism vs. Evolution
a. Remarks
b. Creationist Claims, Refutations
c. Intelligent Design: Silly
d. Challenges to Creationism
e. Conflicting Catholic Views
f. Other Religious Conflicts
g. Plantinga’s Argument
h. Christian Crackpots
oooD11. Design Defects  in Humans
a. Defects in the Human Body
b. Aging and Death
c. Pain and Itching
d. Reproductive Systems
e. Mouth and Throat
f. The Human Eye
g. Addiction
oooD12. Humanity in the Universe
a. The Scientific View
b. Astronomical Factors
c. The Distance-Scale Problem
d. The Number-Scale Problem
e. The Time-Scale Problem
oooD13. Summary of Part D

PART E. Arguments for God
     E1. Can God Be Proved?

a. Types of Arguments
b. Aquinas’ First Mover Argument
c. Aquinas’ First Cause Argument
d. Aquinas’ Necessary Being
e. The Moral Degree Argument
f. The Design Argument
g. Kreeft’s Argument

      J10. Resurrection, Ascension
a. Its Importance to Christianity
b. Contradictions
c. Assumptions and Remarks
d. Revivals From the Dead
e. Evidence For and Against
f. More Arguments Against
g. Where Did Jesus’ Body Go?
h. The Ascension

       J11. Summary of Part J

PART K. Morality
       K1. Ten Commandments Confusion

a. Remarks
b. What They Are
c. What They Are Not
d. Interpretation, Comments
e. Better Moral Rules

       K2. Moralitiy and the Bible  
a. Remarks
b. Contradictions and Violations
c. God’s Genocides
d. Excuses for Genocide
e. God’s Moral Outrages, One
f. God’s Moral Outrages, Two
g. God’s Moral Outrages, Three
h. Old Testament Commands
i. Death Sentence for 30 Crimes
j. Christianity's Obsession
k. The Bible and Abortion
l. Other Bizarre Rules

       K3. Moral Theory
a. Remarks
b. Theistic Morality - 1
c. Theistic Morality - 2
d. Variations With Time
e. Variations With Place
f. Morality Is Not Objective
g. The Golden Rule
h. Is God Benovolent?
i. Divine Command Theory
j. Evil Commanded by God
k. Does God Own Us?
l. Belief in God Helps Morals?
m. Prosperity or Poverty?
n. Justice, Mercy, Punishment
o. Animals and Theology
p. Animals and Morality
q. Atheists and Morality

       K4. Evil: Theodicies and Defenses
a. Remarks
b. Free Will, Evil, and God
c. Free Will and Moral Evil
d. Natural Evil
e. Teaching and Soul-Making
f. Unknown Purpose Defense
g. The Greater Good Defense
h. The Afterlife Defense (AD)
i. Forgiven is Better Than Good
j. Does God Create Evil?
k. God Tests Us
l. God’s Choice or Ours?
m. Is Suffering a Privilege?

       K5. Why Does God Punish?
a. The Purpose of Punishment
b. Punishing the Dead is Nuts
c. Punishment for Sin
d. Punishment for Moral Credit
e. Punishment As a Test of Faith
f. Who is Punished?

       K6. Christian Morality in Practice
a. Christian Virtue
b. The Worst of Christianity
c. Evil Beliefs and Behavior
d. Cherry-Picking the Bible
e. Hate and Intolerance
f. Christian Arrogance
g. Christian Belligerence
h. Christian Seprateness
i. Christian Threats
j. Anti-Intellectualism
k. Lying for Jesus
l. Abuses by Preachers
m. Abuses in Catholicism
n. Children in Judeo-Christianity
o. Abusing Jews
p. Wealth
q. Sexuality in Practice
r. Hitler and Christianity
s. Politics and Society
t. State-Mandated Atheism

       K7. Christian Violence
a. Remarks
b. Against The Cathars
c. The Inquisitions
d. Was Torture Approved?
e. The Crusades
f. Christian Religious Wars
g. Colonial Conquests

       K8. Summary of Part K
  
PART L. People in the Religion
       L1. Old Testament Figures

a. Noah
b. Abraham
c. Moses
d. David
e. Solomon
f. Daniel

       L2. New Testament Figures
a. John the Baptist
b. Other Biblical Johns
c. Mary, "Mother of God"
d. Peter (Simon Peter, Cephas)
e. Paul’s Life  and Letters
f. Paul and Human Jesus - Yes?
g. Paul and Human Jesus - No
h. The Antichrist
i. Satan and Evil
j. Angels
k. Saints
l. The Twelve Apostles
m. Herod (71 – 4 BCE)
n. Pontius Pilate (? – 39 CE)

       L3. Apologists and Theologians
a. Tertullian (160-225)
b. Augustine (354 - 430)
c. Thomas Aquinas (1225 - 1274)
d. Martin Luther (1483 - 1546)
e. John Calvin (1509 - 1564)
f. Karl Barth (1886 - 1968)
g. Paul Tillich (1886 – 1965)
h. Rudolf Bultmann (1884 - 1976)
i. Mother Teresa (1910 – 1997)
j. Alvin Plantinga (1932 - )
k. Richard Swinburne (1934 - )
l. William Lane Craig (1949 - )
m. An Arrogant Salesman
n. Apologists Owe Us Answers

       L4. Escapees from Christianity
a. Organizations for Escapees
b. Hector Avalos (1958 - )
c. Edward Babinski (1957 - )
d. Dan Barker, Annie Gaylor
e. Bart Ehrman (1956 - )
f. Tom Harpur (1929 - )
g. John W. Loftus (1955 - )
h. Gerd Luedemann (1946 - )
i. Robert M. Price (1954 - )
j. Michael Shermer (1954 - )
k. Valerie Tarico (19?? - )
l. Farrell Till (1933 - 2012 )
m. Stephen F. Uhl (1936 - )
n. Other Former Leaders

       L5. Notable Nonbelievers
a. Prominent Atheists
b. Richard Carrier (1969 - )
c. Richard Dawkins (1941 - )
d. Daniel Dennett (1942 - )
e. Earl Doherty (1941 - )
f. Sam Harris (1967 - )
g. Christopher Hitchens (d. 2011)
h. C. Dennis McKinsey (d. 2009)
i. D.M. Murdock (d. 2015)

j David Silverman (1966 - )
k Victor Stenger d. 2014)
l. Edward Tabash (1951 - )

m. Frank Zindler (1939 - )
       L6. Summary of Part L

PART M. Final Summaries
       M1. Effects of Christianity
       M2. Christian Ignorance
       M3. Christian Assertions, Rated
       M4. Which Is More Likely?
       M5. Questions for Believers
       M6. Conclusion

a. Summary
b. Is Christianity True?


PART N. Better Than Religion 
       N1. Humanism
       N2. Atheism
       N3. Skepticism
       N4. Life Free of Theism
       N5. What We Can Do


PART O. Appendices
       O1. Unjustified Beliefs

a. Introduction
b. History and Politics
c. Science and Statistics
d. Health and Body
e. Personal Experiences
f.  Religion-Related
g. Miscellaneous

       O2. The Probability of God
a. Introduction
b. Bayes’ Theorem

       O3. Old Testament Violence
       O4. Jesus’ Miracles: Details

a. Introduction and Resurrection
b. Jesus Cures Disease
c. Other Miracles of Jesus

       O5. Jesus’ Multiple Ancestries        
       O6. Jesus’ Promised Return
       O7. Anti-Women Verses


PART P. Reference Lists

       P1. Abbreviations
       P2. Bibliography
       P3. Glossary


PART Q. Endnotes


PART R. Indexes
       R1. Index, Bible Verses
       R2. Index, God
       R3. Index, Jesus
       R4. Index, Names
       R5. Index, Resources
       R6. Index, Subjects

Sample Pages from Christianity in Ruins
Pages 151, 535, 886, 916

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